The first edition and commercial implementation of C++ programming language were released in 1985 after several years of experimentation. But according to the TIOBE Programming Community Index for February 2016, C++ is currently one of the most widely used programming languages. The Index further indicates that C++ is more popular than modern programming languages like C#, Ruby, PHP, Python and Perl. The statistics indicate that C++ is still more popular than modern programming languages, despite being conceived as a new programming language by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1989.
7 Reasons Why C++ is More Popular than Modern Programming Languages
1) Highly Portable
C++ is considered to be more portable than other programming languages. It supports major operating systems including Windows, UNIX and OS X. The portability enables programmers to an application from one platform to another seamlessly. At the same time, they can take advantage of the enhanced portability to develop programs that run smoothly on a wide variety of devices.
2) Object Oriented
C++ was designed from the beginning as an object-oriented programming language. It also influenced several modern object-oriented programming languages including Java and C# hugely. So it enables developers to take advantage of commonly used object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts like inheritance, encapsulation and polymorphism. At the same time, the developers can also take advantage of classes, data hiding, and data abstraction to reduce modern applications rapidly.
3) No Garbage Collector
Unlike other popular programming languages, C++ enables programmers to execute code without a garbage collector. Despite removing unused objects from the code efficiently, the garbage collector consumes additional resources. The programmers are further required to run the garbage collectors repeatedly to remove the unused objects from the code. The absence of garbage collector makes it easier for programmers to boost the code execution speed significantly by allocating and managing memory manually.
4) Standard Library
C++ scores over other programming languages in the category of standard library. The standard library provided by C++ includes a wide range of classes and functions. Some of these functions are associated with specific classes, whereas others are standalone and general-purpose. So the developers have option to use a variety of standalone functions like mathematical, string and character handling, wide-character functions, input/output, and date, time and localization. At the same time, they also have option to use functions associated with specific classes like string, numeric and exception handling.
5) Robust Security
Most modern programming languages come with built-in security features. But C++ is helps programmers to write more secure applications as a low-level programming language. The absence of a garbage collector further eliminates the chances of issues like debugging memory leaks. Hence, C++ enables programmers to focus on code optimization without worrying about the weaker pieces of code that make the application vulnerable to targeted security attacks.
6) Can be used for developing Various Applications
As noted earlier, applications written in C++ run seamlessly on many devices and platforms. C++ is also a general-purpose programming language. So programmers can use C++ for building a wide variety of applications. The programming language can be used for developing operating systems, network protocols, device drivers and similar system software. Also, it can be used for developing commonly used utility applications like spreadsheet, word processor and database.
7) Visual C++
The programmers also have option to avail advanced C++ development environments like Visual C++. Microsoft has designed Visual C++ as a development environment for both Windows platform and the web. It comes with a variety of debugging, scripting and compiling tools, along with a robust component library. The latest version of VC++ helps programmers to create interactive DHTML pages and ActiveX controls with reduced coding, debugging and compiling time.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has already standardized the current version of C++ in 2014. So the programmers can use C++14 to avail a number of new features along with an enlarged standard libraries. The new features and enhancements contribute towards making C++ more popular than other modern programming languages.