Both Python and Java are widely used programming languages. Unlike Java, Python enables developers to express concepts by writing less and readable code. But Python programs run much slower than Java programs. So many developers rely on Jython to take advantage of the features and performance of these two programming languages. Jython is an open source implementation of Python programming language which is written purely in Java programming language.
Like other implementations of Python, Jython also includes most modules provided by the standard Python distribution except certain modules written in C programming language. Also, it enables programmers to access a wide range of Java class libraries. The programmer can use Jython to easily integrate existing Java components into Python code. They can further import and use many Java classes directly in the Python code. The Jython components can also be reused across multiple projects, and integrated seamlessly various Java-based systems.
Understanding Important Features of Jython
Run Python on Java Platform
In simple words, Jython enables programmers to run Python code on any Java Virtual Machine (JVM). They can compile the source code written in Python to Java bytecode, and run the bytecode on any JVM. The implementation allows them to integrate a dynamic and high-level programming language like Python with the hugely popular Java platform.
Reduces Coding Time Significantly
The simple syntax rules of Python enable programmers to express concepts and accomplish programming tasks without writing longer lines of code. So many developers prefer Python to other programming languages in order to reduce the coding time significantly. As Jython is an implementation of Python programming language, it allows developers to build applications by writing less and readable code. The developers can further integrate Java and Python during both development and implementation phase to deliver high-performing software applications.
Take Advantage of Most Java Classes
In addition to being written in Java, Jython also borrows the object-oriented programming features of Python. Thus, it becomes easier for programmers to import and use a wide variety of Java classes inside Python code. They can further take advantage of Java classes to use JavaBeans, and create Java applets and servlets. Also, they have option to designate Java classes as subclasses within Python, and vice versa.
Supports Embedded Scripting
Jython is designed with features to simplify and facilitate specific tasks like embedded scripting. The embedded scripting feature allows programmers to create applications that end users can customize by adding new functionalities. The Python programmers simply have to add Jython libraries to the applications. These libraries will enable end-users to add new functionality to the application through scripts.
Provides an Interactive Interpreter
Jython further provides programmers with an interactive interpreter to make their application interact with Java packages and applications. The interpreter makes it easier for the users to debug Java systems using Jython. The Python programmer can take advantage of the interactive interpreter to make changes to the code and check the effect of such changes instantaneously.
On the whole, Jython enables programmers to combine the features and performance of Java and Python. It helps programmers to reduce the amount of time and effort required for developing modern applications by accomplishing a number of tasks easily. The developers can further take advantage of the new features provided by Jython 2.7.0. The current version of Jython also supports both versions 7 and 8 of Java programming language.