According to the latest TIOBE Programming Community Index, Java is currently more widely used than several other programming languages including C++, C#, Python, Ruby, PHP and Perl. The statistics indicate the rapidly growing popularity of Java programming language among both large enterprises and small businesses. Often owners of small businesses and startups opt for open source technologies to get higher returns by curtailing overall project overheads. Java, unlike other programming languages, is not fully open-sourced. But it enables businesses owners to generate more revenue by launching modern and feature-rich applications within a shorter amount of time. There are also a number of reasons why many small business owners prefer Java to other open source programming languages.

Why Small Business Owners Prefer Java to Other Programming Languages?

General Purpose Programming Language: Java is a general purpose programming language in the true sense. The developers can use Java for creating desktop GUI applications, and also use it as a server-side programming language while building websites and web applications. At the same time, Google recommends developers to write mobile apps for Android platform only in Java programming language. So it becomes easier for small business owners build a variety of application by leveraging the skills of existing Java programmers.

Used for Developing Mission Critical Applications: At present, a large percentage of mission critical financial applications are developed with Java. So the programming language makes it easier for small business owners to make the clients happy by delivering custom software applications. However, many programmers find it easier to write, compile and debug applications in Java than other programming languages. Thus, it becomes easier for programmers to create custom applications according to varying business requirements within a stipulated amount of time.

Fully Object-Oriented: Java is designed from the beginning as an object-oriented and class-based programming language. It enables programmers to accomplish various tasks by creating objects and manipulating these objects. The object-oriented nature of Java further helps programmers to write both modular programs and reusable code. At the same time, they also have option to extend the functionality of Java programming languages simply by loading specific classes. Also, the Java programs are capable of extending themselves over a network by loading new classes dynamically.

Platform Independent: Unlike other programming languages, Java is platform independent at both source as well as binary levels. As the Java applications are compiled into bytecode, it becomes easier for developers to write the application code once, and deploy the same code across multiple platforms. The bytecode enables developers to move the Java application from one system to another without any hassle. Also, they can take advantage of the bytecode to make the application written in Java run on any device and platform that support Java platform.

Supports Distributed Computing: Like large enterprises, small businesses and startups nowadays work with multiple computers connected over a network. So they need applications that have networking capabilities and work in distributed environments. Java programming language is designed with built-in distributed computing capabilities. Hence, the developers often find it easier to write a variety of network programs in Java. They can even create robust network programs that can efficiently send data to, and receive data from a file over a network.

Supports Multithreading: In addition to supporting distributed computing, Java is also designed with built-in multithreading support. The multithreading capability of Java makes it easier for programmers to perform multiple tasks simultaneously within the same program. As each thread remains independent of others, it becomes easier for programmers to save time by performing multiple operations at once. The capability makes it easier for small business owners to create applications that are both interactive and fast.

Facilitates Internationalization: While developing a web application or mobile app, each business owners has to target users residing in different regions. But most modern programming language lacks built-in internationalization feature. Java is designed with built-in internationalization features, and also uses 16-bit Unicode characters. The current version of Java further supports Unicode 6.2.0 and allows installation of custom resource bundle as an extension. These features make it easier for developers to write various internationalized programs in Java.

Provides Robust Security Features: A number of studies have shown that Java is more secure than other programming languages. The Security Features of Java Platform can also be determined from the fact that the programming language is used widely for developing mission critical financial applications. The Java compiler, interpreter, and runtime environment are designed from the beginning with focus on common security issues. Also, Java enables developers to keep the application secure by using various authentication, authorization and encryption mechanisms.

Reduces Time to Market: Often small business owners have to explore ways to get higher returns by shortening the application’s time to market cycles. As a mature and elegant programming language, Java allows developers to use a wide variety of powerful application programming interfaces (APIs). These APIs make it easier for them to enhance the functionality of the Java application by integrating a variety of services and applications seamlessly. Also, the APIs make it easier for programmers to create feature-rich Java applications without writing additional and complex code. Java further helps programmers to reduce the coding time significantly by writing clean, reusable and flawless code.

Keeps Evolving: At present, Java is one of the more mature programming languages available in the market. But the programming language has been evolving consistently to meet the emerging trends in programming and application development. Each new version of Java comes with a number of new features and enhancements. For instance, Java 8 comes with several new features including lambda expressions, new functional interfaces, a new date/time API, and integrated Nashorn JavaScript engine. These new features enable programmers to write a variety of modern applications in Java.

The business owners can further reduce the amount of time and effort required for applications by investing in robust Java development tools and frameworks. These Java frameworks help developers to create feature-rich and maintainable applications within a shorter amount of time. The main thing is Java is a language to trust more for developing applications.  Also, the business owners have option to choose from a wide range of open source and licensed Java development tools according to the nature and requirements of the software development project.