Many websites have rated Java as the most in-demand programming language of 2016. Likewise, the usage statistics posted on various websites indicate that Java is currently more popular than other programming languages including C++, C#, Python, Ruby, and Perl. Java is further one of the modern programming languages that are used widely for desktop GUI applications, websites and mobile apps. These figures clearly indicate that many developers prefer writing a variety of applications in Java.

Why Enterprises and Developers Trust Java More than Other Languages?

General Purpose Programming Language: Java is a general-purpose programming language. So the developers can use the programming language for developing a variety of applications. They can write robust desktop GUI applications, web applications, web server applications, scientific applications, enterprise applications, and middleware products in a single programming language. At the same time, they can also use the language for developing apps for Android, the world’s most popular mobile operating system. According to certain studies, Java-based applications are currently running on more than three billion devices.

Platform Independent: While developing modern applications, developers nowadays have to target multiple devices and platforms. Java enables programmers to write the code once, and run the same code on multiple platforms. The programmers can simply compile the Java code into bytecode once, and run the complied code on multiple platforms and devices that support Java without recompiling the code. The feature makes it easier for developers to port the application smoothly from one platform to another. Also, the Java Class Library helps programmers to create cross-platform applications without putting extra effort.

Supports Distributed Computing: Java was originally designed for embedded devices. Also, it supports distributed computing fully. The support makes it easier for programmers to write a variety of applications that run on network of computers. That is why; programming language is currently used widely by developers for creating enterprise applications. According to various websites, 90% of Fortune 500 companies use applications written in Java programming language.

Used Extensively by Financial Institutions: A number of surveys have highlighted that reputable financial institutions use a variety of custom applications written in Java. At present, Java is used by programmers to create data processing applications, and front and back office electronic trading systems for various financial institutions and banks. Java applications are currently being used by large financial institutions like Citigroup, Barclays, Goldman Sachs, and Standard Chartered. Likewise, many reputable financial institutions and brokerage firms even use third-party trading applications in Java.

Used by Large Companies and Websites: The quality and reliability of Java can also be determines based on its user base. At present, large websites like Twitter, Square, eBay, Amazon, Citigroup, Barclays, Standard Chartered and Goldman Sachs use Java in one way or another. Some companies like Facebook and Yahoo do not use Java directly. But these companies still use big data implementations in Java. Also, the web applications and RESTful web services developed using Java frameworks are used widely by various government projects.

Compatible with Big Data Technologies: Nowadays, most businesses need custom applications to store, organize, share and analyze large volumes of structured and unstructured data collected from various sources. So it becomes essential for Java developers to pick a programming language compatible with big data technologies. At present, Java is not used widely for development of custom big data solutions. But the developers can still take advantage of Java-based tools like Accumulo, Hadoop, ElasticSearch and HBase to build a variety of big-data solutions effectively.

Recommended by Google: Google recommends mobile app developers to write Android applications only in Java. As an open source mobile operating system, Android can be customized by device manufacturers according to their specific needs. The applications written in Java can be ported to various platforms and devices without code recompilation. So the mobile apps written in Java can run smoothly on a wide range of devices powered by Android. Also, Google enables developers to create an effective security model to protect their apps from targeted malware attacks and evolving security threats.

Keeps Evolving: Java is currently one of the mature and stable programming languages available in the market. But the programming language has been evolving continuously to meet the latest trends in software application development. For instance, Java 8 comes with a number of new features including lambda expressions, parallel processing, Nashorn JVM JavaScript engine, and a new date/time API. Also, the programming language comes with features to support both concurrent and functional programming. The new features make it easier for programmers to write concise and readable score. At the same time, they also have option to combine Java seamlessly with other new age language like Scala, Groovy, Clojure and JRuby.

Despite being a general-purpose programming language, Java is both easy to learn and simple to use. So many beginners prefer learning the programming language that can be used for developing a variety of applications. At the same time, the robust Java development framework and tools available in the market makes it easier for programmers to build modern applications without putting extra time and effort.